What is PCOS?
PCOS, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a syndrome in which women’s ovaries produce small cysts. It is not a life-threatening illness, but it does cause hormonal changes in women. Multiple cysts on the ovaries cause excessive hormone production, particularly androgen, which contributes to internal and external male tendencies.
Symptoms differ from one person to another person. Some people have a lot of facial or body hair, and others have a lot of hair loss. Some women experience sluggishness, acne, mood swings, and erratic cycles. Many people gain weight and have a hard time losing it.
How is it different from PCOD?
Is PCOD the same as PCOS? Many women are confused about the two and often use them interchangeably, particularly when trying to understand the relationship between PCOS, PCOD, and pregnancy. Despite the similarities, such as being related to the ovaries and triggering hormonal disruptions, both conditions are distinct.
Let’s take a closer look at these two situations to see what distinguishes them.
What is PCOD?
Every month, each of a woman’s ovaries releases an egg alternately. Androgens are produced in minute amounts by the ovaries. PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a disorder in which the ovaries produce a large number of immature or partially mature eggs that grow into cysts. Abdominal weight gain, irregular cycles, male pattern hair loss, and infertility are all common symptoms. The ovaries swell and secrete massive quantities of androgens in this state, which can cause havoc on a woman’s fertility and health. The best PCOD therapy also aims to minimize the severity of symptoms.
What is PCOS
The ovaries contain higher levels of androgen than normal in women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), which interferes with egg production and release. Cysts are small sacs filled with liquid that grow from some of the eggs. Rather than being released during ovulation, these cysts accumulate in the ovaries and can even enlarge.
Myths around PCOS made up of people
Since the disorder is poorly known — even by some physicians — misinformation can skew diagnosis and care, preventing a woman from living a healthy life with PCOS.
There are some commonly known myths about PCOS that need to be a break. Some of those are:
Myth: To have PCOS, you must have polycystic ovaries.
You’d think you could tell a lot about disease just by looking at its name, but that’s not the case. For certain people, the term “polycystic ovary syndrome” is a misnomer. When PCOS is mentioned, it refers to cysts in the ovary. That’s why there’s a current push to reclassify PCOS as a form of reproductive metabolic syndrome, which focuses attention on what matters: metabolic and reproductive defects are two of the disease’s hallmarks.
Myth: Every woman has hair growing in places she doesn't want.
Hirsutism, or irregular hair growth in women, is a common symptom of PCOS. Women with PCOS can develop unwanted hair on their upper lip, chin, or chest as a result of high androgen levels. If you’re looking into it, this is not a symptom that every woman would experience. Excess hair may be caused by a patient’s ethnicity.
Myth: you can't conceive if you have/had PCOS.
Infertility is often caused by PCOS. The ovary’s capacity to release an egg that can be fertilised for pregnancy is harmed by the hormonal issue. You will still get pregnant, either spontaneously or with the help of fertility drugs like follicle-stimulating drugs. If you have PCOS and want to start a family, don’t be discouraged if anyone tells you that it’s impossible. Working with a fertility specialist will assist you in achieving your goals.
Myth: If you have an irregular menstrual cycle, you have PCOS.
An irregular cycle can be caused by a variety of factors, and PCOS is just one of them. A typical duration lasts between 21 and 35 days. Breastfeeding, excessive dieting or overexercising, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, and thyroid disorders are all possible causes of a messed-up cycle. Stress may also play a role. The takeaway: See your gynaecologist if your period lasts less than 22 days or more than 34 days.
Scientific and accurate information about PCOS
PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is a series of symptoms caused by a hormonal imbalance in a woman. It has an impact on the ovaries. However, it may affect the rest of the body. PCOS affects a large percentage of women of childbearing age. If not get treated on time then it may lead to some serious health issues.
In certain cases, when ovulation fails, the ovaries may produce a large number of tiny fluid-filled sacs (cysts). Androgens are produced by these cysts. High levels of androgens are common in women with PCOS. This may also worsen the menstrual cycle of a woman. It can also cause many PCOS symptoms.
Ways to manage your PCOS
Maintain a balanced body mass index (BMI). Weight loss will help restore ovulation by lowering insulin and androgen levels. Consult your doctor about a weight-loss programe and consult with a dietitian regularly for assistance in achieving your weight-loss goals.
Carbohydrates should be limited. Insulin levels can be raised by low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets. If you have PCOS, talk to your doctor about a low-carbohydrate diet. Choose complex carbohydrates, which take longer to increase blood sugar levels.
Take part in activities. Exercise aids in the reduction of blood sugar levels. If you have PCOS, increasing your physical activity and engaging in a regular exercise program will help you manage your weight and stop diabetes by treating or even preventing insulin resistance.